Where is The Periyar River Located?

Exploring the Heart of Kerala: Where is the Periyar River Located?

Periyar River

Periyar RiverNestled amidst the lush greenery of Kerala, the Periyar River is a lifeline that weaves its way through the heart of Southern India. In this exploration, we embark on a journey to uncover the location of the Periyar River, tracing its course from the heights of the Western Ghats to the coastal plains. Join us as we navigate the scenic waters of the Periyar and discover the geographic wonders that define its location.

1. Source in the Western Ghats: The Birthplace of the Periyar

The journey of the Periyar begins in the majestic Western Ghats, where the river takes its first steps amid the mist-covered peaks and dense forests.

Periyar National Park:

The Periyar River originates in the Periyar National Park, a biodiversity hotspot nestled within the Western Ghats. The dense forests and pristine landscapes of this region form the cradle of the Periyar.

Anamudi Peak:

The river’s source lies near the Anamudi Peak, the highest point in South India. The melting snow and rainfall in this mountainous region contribute to the birth of the Periyar.

2. Meandering Through the Western Ghats: A Serpentine Journey

As the Periyar descends from its mountainous origins, it embarks on a meandering journey through the Western Ghats, painting a picturesque canvas of natural beauty.

Gorges and Valleys:

The river cuts through gorges and valleys, creating a dramatic landscape characterized by rugged terrain. This meandering course enhances the scenic charm of the Western Ghats.

Enroute to Periyar Reservoir:

The Periyar River forms the Periyar Reservoir as it winds through the hills. This reservoir, surrounded by lush greenery, adds to the allure of the river’s journey through the Western Ghats.

3. Central Kerala: Periyar’s Influence on the Cultural Landscape

Continuing its course, the Periyar River becomes a defining feature of the cultural and geographical landscape of central Kerala.

Periyar River

Kochi and Surrounding Areas:

The river flows through regions including Kochi, influencing the cultural and economic life of the communities along its banks. The Periyar’s waters become intertwined with the daily rhythm of the region.

Ayurvedic Heritage:

Central Kerala’s Ayurvedic heritage is closely linked to the Periyar River. The availability of freshwater along the riverbanks contributes to the growth of medicinal plants and herbs, fostering the practice of traditional Ayurveda.

4. Confluence with the Arabian Sea: The Coastal Culmination

The Periyar River’s journey reaches its grand culmination as it merges with the Arabian Sea, creating a harmonious dance between freshwater and the vast expanse of the sea.

Alappuzha and the Backwaters:

The Periyar’s waters reach Alappuzha, where the river’s influence extends to the famous backwaters. This unique ecosystem, formed by the confluence of freshwater and saltwater, is a testament to the river’s journey.

Kochi Harbor:

The confluence of the Periyar with the Arabian Sea is marked by the scenic beauty of Kochi Harbor. This coastal intersection becomes a hub of cultural exchange and economic activities.

5. Ecological Significance: Periyar’s Contribution to Biodiversity

Beyond its cultural impact, the Periyar River plays a crucial role in supporting diverse ecosystems and fostering biodiversity.

Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary:

The river’s course includes the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, a haven for diverse flora and fauna. Elephants, tigers, and a myriad of bird species find refuge in the sanctuary’s lush habitats.

Sustainable Practices:

Efforts to preserve the Periyar’s ecological balance involve sustainable practices and conservation initiatives. The river becomes a symbol of Kerala’s commitment to environmental stewardship.


The location of the Periyar River is not merely a set of geographical coordinates; it’s a narrative of natural splendor, cultural richness, and ecological vitality. From its origin in the Western Ghats to the coastal embrace of the Arabian Sea, the Periyar weaves a story that reflects the diverse facets of Kerala’s landscapes.

As we delve into the course of the Periyar, we discover more than a river—it’s a lifeline that sustains ecosystems, influences cultures, and paints a scenic masterpiece across the canvas of Southern India. The Periyar River, with its meandering journey, invites us to appreciate the interconnectedness of nature and human life.

Know More about Periyar River.

What are The Religious Places of Periyar River?
When Did The Periyar River Basin Become a Focus?
Who Were The Key Historical Figures and Civilizations of The Periyar River?
How to Reach Periyar River?
Why is The Periyar River Culturally Important?

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